Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences

Excision Hemorrhoidectomy: New Methods to Improve the Outcomes of an Old Technique

Heng, Gregory and Tan, Kok Yang (2016) Excision Hemorrhoidectomy: New Methods to Improve the Outcomes of an Old Technique. Jentashapir Journal of Health Research. ..

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Abstract

Context: Hemorrhoidal disease is the most common anorectal disorder that requires surgical intervention. Hemorrhoids require treatment when they result in symptoms such as bleeding or prolapse. Surgical intervention is indicated for significant prolapse, and a number of accepted and viable methods are available for treating prolapsing hemorrhoids that do not reduce spontaneously (Grade III and IV). Excision hemorrhoidectomy remains the gold standard treatment for Grade III and IV hemorrhoids despite great interest in alternative procedures such as stapled hemorrhoidopexy and Doppler-guided hemorrhoidal artery ligation with mucopexy. A large body of evidence demonstrates that excision hemorrhoidectomy is an effective, safe, and affordable procedure. Nevertheless, the main drawback of excision hemorrhoidectomy remains its notorious association with significant postoperative pain. Evidence Acquisition: A comprehensive literature search was conducted through MEDLINE and the Cochrane database of systematic reviews. Only prospective case-controlled studies, review articles, and meta-analyses were considered. Results: Many strategies have been put forward in the literature to address the issue of pain after excision hemorrhoidectomy. These strategies can be broadly categorized into surgical techniques (e.g., LigaSure hemorrhoidectomy) and pharmacological adjuncts (e.g., intradermal methylene blue and chemical sphincterotomy with glyceryl trinitrate ointment). In recent years, meta-analyses and randomized controlled trials have been performed to evaluate their effects. Conclusions: This article evaluates the evidence behind these strategies and outlines the new methods available to improve the outcomes of an old technique.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Keywords: Excision Hemorrhoidectomy; Post-Hemorrhoidectomy Pain; Improving Outcomes; LigaSure Hemorrhoidectomy; Glyceryl Trinitrate Ointment; Intradermal Methylene Blue
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
R Medicine > RD Surgery
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: آقای بهرام سوسنی غریب وند
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2018 11:07
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2018 11:07
URI: http://eprints.ajums.ac.ir/id/eprint/11536

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