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Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences

The Effectiveness of Self-Management Programs on Self-Efficacy in Patients With Sickle Cell Disease

Ahmadi, Mehrnaz and Shariati, Abdolali and Jahani, Simin and Tabesh, Hamed and Keikhaei, Bijan (2014) The Effectiveness of Self-Management Programs on Self-Efficacy in Patients With Sickle Cell Disease. Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care, 3 (3). ISSN 2322-4207

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Abstract

Background: Patients with sickle cell disease suffer from various complications during their lifetime. In order to cope with the disease, they must adapt themselves to a complex set of behaviors that promote self-management and prevent complications associated with the disease. Chronic disease self-management programs are a combination of strategies that increase self-efficacy and promote self-management behaviors. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of self-management programs on self-efficacy in patients with sickle cell disease. Patients and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 69 patients with sickle cell disease who were referred to the Thalassemia Clinic of Ahvaz Shafa Hospital were entered into the study through the census method. Then, the self-management program was implemented using the 5A method for 12 weeks. The Levels of pre and post intervention self-efficacy were assessed using the sickle cell self-efficacy scale (SCSES), while descriptive statistics, paired t-test and Wilcoxon test were used to analyze the data. Results: Before the intervention, the majority of subjects (50.7%) had moderate self-efficacy, whereas after the intervention, the majority of patients (81.2%) showed high self-efficacy. The overall scores and scores of the post-intervention self-efficacy sub-groups were significantly increased (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The results of this study showed that self-management interventions are effective in promoting self-efficacy in patients with sickle cell disease. Thus, the use of self-management programs is advisable to change behaviors and promote self-efficacy in such patients.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Self-Care; Self Efficacy; Anemia, Sickle Cell
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: آقای بهرام سوسنی غریب وند
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2018 05:52
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2018 05:52
URI: http://eprints.ajums.ac.ir/id/eprint/11948

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