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Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences

Failure Occurrence Probability Assessment of Claus Furnace Package in Sulfur Recovery Unit Using Fault Tree Analysis Based on Conventional and Fuzzy-Based Approach

Bakbaki, Abbas and Nabhani, Nader and Anvaripour, Bagher and Shirali, Gholamabbas (2018) Failure Occurrence Probability Assessment of Claus Furnace Package in Sulfur Recovery Unit Using Fault Tree Analysis Based on Conventional and Fuzzy-Based Approach. Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences. ISSN 2252-0627

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Abstract

Background: If shutdown scenario of burner of the sulfur recovery unit takes place, toxic release, fire, and explosion accident can easily occur. Therefore, it is essential to assess the basic causes of burner shutdown scenario. Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) could be used to assess the occurrence probabilities of burner shutdown scenario and its basic causes/events. The failure occurrence probability of these Basic Events (BE) are often not available in lack of data and uncertain conditions. Objectives: This study was done to provide a comprehensive approach for analyzing and calculating BEs failure occurrence probability affecting the shutdown scenario, using combined fuzzy logic, expert judgment, and FTA. Methods: The study was carried out from June to December, 2016. In this study, a fuzzy-based approach based on expert judgment was proposed to calculate the occurrence probability of burner shutdown scenario in lack of data and uncertain conditions. The brainstorming and FMEA, and HAZOP study were first used to identify fault events of the fault tree. Then, based on these methods, the fault tree was constructed. Subsequently, the failure occurrence probabilities of BEs and shutdown scenario were calculated using the fuzzy-based approach and a conventional approach. Finally, the Fussell-Vesely importance analysis was used to rank the BEs in FTA. Results: Results showed that the occurrence probability of shutdown scenario was 4.76E-04 per year. Since the failure occurrence probabilities of some BEs were not available, using failure probability functions in the conventional approach cannot provide failure occurrence probabilities of those BEs. Therefore, the occurrence probability of shutdown scenario based on the conventional approach was not available. Based on the Fussell-Vesely importance measure analysis, it was determined that the blower failure while running, air pre-heater blockage, and shut-off valve fail close were 3 major causes of “burner shutdown scenario”. Conclusions: The fuzzy-based approach could derive a failure occurrence probability of BEs based on expert subjective judgments using the failure possibility distributions (FPDs) in lack of data conditions. This study overcame the weaknesses of the conventional approach, to calculate BEs failure occurrence probabilities via fuzzy logic

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Probability; Fuzzy logic; Sulfur; Equipment Failure; Judgment; Expert Systems; Uncertainty
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: آقای بهرام سوسنی غریب وند
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2018 05:37
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2018 05:38
URI: http://eprints.ajums.ac.ir/id/eprint/12052

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