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Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences

Toxicity of Phenol and Salt on the Phenol-Degrading Pseudomonas aeruginosa Bacterium

Samaei, Mohammad Reza and Elhamiyan, , Zahra and Maleknia, Hoshang and Najarpishe Tiabi, Moslem and Mohammadi, Zahra and Pakize Khoo, Razie and Abbasi, Fariba (2016) Toxicity of Phenol and Salt on the Phenol-Degrading Pseudomonas aeruginosa Bacterium. Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences. ISSN 2252-0627

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Abstract

Background: Phenolic compounds, phenol and phenol derivatives are environmental contaminants in some industrial effluents. Entrance of such substances into the environment causes severe environmental pollution, especially pollution of water resources. Biological treatment is a method that uses the potential of microorganisms to clean up contaminated environments. Among microorganisms, bacteria play an important role in treating wastewater contaminated with phenol. Objectives: This study aimed to examine the effects of Pseudomonas aeruginosa on degradation of phenol in wastewater contaminated with this pollutant. Methods: In this method, the growth rate of P. aeruginosa bacteria was investigated using different concentrations of salt and phenol. This is an experimental study conducted as a pilot in a batch reactor with different concentrations of phenol (25, 50, 100, 150, 300 and 600 mg L-1) and salt (0%, 0.5%, 1%, 2.5% and 5%) during 9, 12 and 15 hours. During three days, from 5 experimental and 3 control samples, 18 samples were taken a day forming a sample size of 54 samples for each phenol concentration. Given the number of phenol concentrations (n = 6), a total of 324 samples were analyzed using a spectrophotometer at a wavelength of 600 nm. Results: The phenol concentration of 600 mg L-1 was toxic for P. aeruginosa. However, at a certain concentration, it acts as a carbon source for P. aeruginosa. During investigations, it was found that increasing the concentration of phenol increases the rate of bacteria growth. The highest bacteria growth rate occurred was at the salt concentration of zero and phenol concentration of 600 mg L-1. Conclusions: The findings of the current study indicate that at high concentrations of salt, the growth of bacteria reduces so that it stops at a concentration of 50 mg L-1 (5%). Thus, the bacterium is halotolerant or halophilic. With an increase in phenol concentration, the growth rate increased. Phenol toxicity appears at a concentration of 600 mg L-1.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Keywords: Pseudomonas bacterium; Phenol; Salt; Batch Reactor; Toxicity
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: آقای بهرام سوسنی غریب وند
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2018 09:29
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2018 09:29
URI: http://eprints.ajums.ac.ir/id/eprint/12262

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