Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences

The combined effect of Pdx1 overexpression and Shh manipulation on the function of insulin-producing cells derived from adipose-tissue stem cells

Tabar, M. H. and Tabandeh, M. R. and Moghimipour, E. and Dayer, D. and Ghadiri, A. A. and Bakhshi, E. A. and Orazizadeh, M. and Ghafari, M. A. (2018) The combined effect of Pdx1 overexpression and Shh manipulation on the function of insulin-producing cells derived from adipose-tissue stem cells. Febs Open Bio, 8 (3). pp. 372-382. ISSN 2211-5463

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Official URL: <Go to ISI>://WOS:000426502600007

Abstract

Pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 (Pdx1) and Sonic hedgehog (Shh) are the key regulators of beta-cell function. In vitro experiments have shown that there is significant cooperation between Pdx1 and Shh with regard to the production and maintenance of insulin-producing cells (IPCs). In this study, the combined effect of Pdx1 overexpression and Shh manipulation on the function of adipose tissue-derived IPCs was determined. A eukaryotic expression vector (Pdx1-pCDNA3.1(+)) was constructed and transfected into a Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line. Adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) obtained from rats were assigned to two groups control (C) and manipulated (M) and differentiated into IPCs. Manipulated cells were treated with a mixture of FGF-beta and cyclopamine and recombinant Shh protein at days 3 and 11, respectively, and transfected with Pdx1-pCDNA3.1(+) at day 10. The expression of multiple genes related to function of beta cells was analyzed using real-time PCR. The functionality of IPCs in vitro was analyzed through dithizone (DTZ) staining and ELISA. IPCs were injected into the tail vein of diabetic rats, and blood glucose and insulin concentrations were measured. CHO cells transfected with Pdx1-pCDNA3.1(+) showed a significantly higher expression of Pdx1 compared with nontransfected cells. Manipulated IPCs exhibited a significantly higher expression of MafA, Nkx2.2, Nkx6.1, Ngn3, insulin, and Isl1 and a higher insulin secretion in response to glucose challenge in relation to control cells. Rats that received manipulated IPCs exhibited a higher ability to normalize blood glucose and insulin secretion when compared to controls. Our protocol might be used for more efficient cell therapy of patients with diabetes in the future.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells insulin-producing cells pdx1 sonic hedgehog pathway hedgehog signaling regulation pancreatic beta-cells diabetes-mellitus gene-expression differentiation therapy rat
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2018 13:08
URI: http://eprints.ajums.ac.ir/id/eprint/16937

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