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Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences

The Prevalence of Rotavirus and Adenovirus in the Childhood Gastroenteritis

Ozsari, Tamer and Bora, Gulhan and Kaya, Bulent and Yakut, Kahraman (2016) The Prevalence of Rotavirus and Adenovirus in the Childhood Gastroenteritis. Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology, In Pre (In Pre). ISSN 2008-3645

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.5812/jjm.34867

Abstract

Background: Acute gastroenteritis stemming from viral causes is very common during the childhood period. Rotavirus and enteric adenovirus are the most common factors of acute gastroenteritis encountered in infants and children. However, the epidemiology of rotavirus and enteric adenovirus gastroenteritis in the east Anatolia region is not well-known. Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the relationship between the distribution of antigen positivity in rotavirus and enteric adenovirus antigen tests required cases and demographic data retrospectively in pediatric patients admitted to our hospital. Patients and Methods: The records of stool sample analyses for 1154 patients admitted to our hospital from June 2011 to December 2011 with complaints of diarrhea were retrospectively examined. The presence of rotavirus and enteric adenovirus antigens in stool specimens was investigated by means of an immunochromatographic test. Results: Viral antigens were detected in 327 (28.3%) stool specimens out of 1154. Among the positive results, the frequency was 73.7% for rotavirus and 26.2% for adenovirus. While the detected rotavirus antigen rate was high for all age groups, it was highest for children under the age of 2, with a rate of 57.1%. Moreover, the rotavirus infections were observed at a rate of 44.3% in winter and of 24.6% in autumn. Conclusions: The most important factor in childhood acute gastroenteritis in east Anatolia is the rotavirus. Rotavirus and adenovirus antigens should be routinely investigated as a factor in fresh stool samples for the accurate diagnosis and treatment of gastroenteritis in children in the winter and autumn months.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Gastroenteritis, Children, Rotavirus, Adenovirus, East Anatolia
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Depositing User: آقای بهرام سوسنی غریب وند
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2016 05:09
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2016 05:09
URI: http://eprints.ajums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2591

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