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Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences

Isolation of Vibrio cholera El Tor Inaba From Eichhornia crassipens and Lemna minor Roots in Veracruz, Mexico

Coutino Rodriguez, Rocio and Cordoba Aguilar, Edgar and Herrera Rivero, Marisol and Rubi, Alberto and Arroyo-Helguera, Omar (2014) Isolation of Vibrio cholera El Tor Inaba From Eichhornia crassipens and Lemna minor Roots in Veracruz, Mexico. Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology, 7 (3). pp. 1-6. ISSN 2008-4161

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Abstract

Background: During epidemic periods, the strain Vibrio cholera El Tor has been isolated from the aquatic macrophyte roots of Eichhornia crassipens and Lemna minor, suggesting that aquatic plants could be environmental reservoirs through either a non-specific association or a commensalism relationship. Therefore, it is important to understand V. cholera reservoirs in order to establish prevention strategies against this pathogen. Objectives: Our interest was to determine whether V. cholera could be isolated and typified from L. minor and E. crassipens roots. Materials and Methods: From 2004 to 2005, plants were collected from various ecological niches and the roots were used to isolate V. cholera. Standard bacteriological, biochemical and serological tests were used for its typification. Results: In five out of the nine ecological niches explored, we collected either L. minor or E. crassipens, as these specimens cohabited only in two niches. V. cholera was isolated from both L. minor and E. crassipens roots. The isolated V. cholera showed the same biochemical characteristics as the pure V. cholera strain which was used as a control. The isolated V. cholera corresponded to V. cholera O1 El Tor Inaba, which is the same serotype related to the last outbreak in Mexico. Conclusions: For first time V. cholera El Tor Inaba has been isolated several years after the last emergence of cholera in Mexico. A viable and cultivable V. cholera strain, sourced from freshwater niches in E. crassipens and L. minor roots, suggests the importance of these plants as a permanent aquatic reservoir for these organisms. The monitoring of E. crassipens and L. minor is the responsibility of health institutions in order to evaluate the ongoing risks.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Vibrio cholera; Lemnan; Eichhornia crassipens; Vibrionaceae
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: آقای بهرام سوسنی غریب وند
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2015 08:53
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2016 06:26
URI: http://eprints.ajums.ac.ir/id/eprint/480

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